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전체글올린 게시글: 2015-12-28, (월) 7:42 am 

가입일: 2015-01-30, (금) 10:13 pm
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What the Buddha Taught
by Walpola Rahula
The Buddha
The Buddha, whose personal name was Siddhattha, and family name
Gotama, lived in North India in the 6th century B.C. His father Suddhodana, was
the ruler of the kingdom of the Sakyas (in modern Nepal). His mother was queen
Maya. According to the custom of the time, he was married quite young, at the age
of sixteen, to a beautiful and devoted young princess named Yasodahara. The young
prince lived in his palace with every luxury at his command. But all of a sudden,
confronted with the reality of life and the suffering of mankind, he decided to find
the solution - the way out of this universal suffering.
At the age of 29, soon after the birth of his only child, Rahula, he left his
kingdom and became an ascetic in search of his solution. For six years the ascetic
Gotama wandered about the valley of Ganges, meeting famous religious teachers,
studying and following their systems and methods, and submitting himself to
rigorous ascetic practices. They did not satisfy him. So he abandoned all traditional
religions and their methods and went his own way.
It was thus that one evening, seated under a tree (since then known as the
Bodhi- or Bo-tree, the "Tree of Wisdom"), on the bank of the river Neranjara at
Buddha-aya (near Gaya in modern Bihar), at the age of 35, Gotama attained
enlightenment, after which he was known as the Buddha, 'The Enlightened One'.
After his Enlightenment, Gotama the Buddha delivered his first sermon to a
group of five ascetics, his old colleagues, in the Deer Park at Isipatana (modern
Sarnath) near Benares. From that day, for 45 years, he taught all classes of men and
women -kings and peasants, Brahmins and outcasts, bankers and beggars, holy men
and robbers - without making the slightest distinction between them. He recognized
no differences of caste or social groupings, and the Way he preached was open to all
men and women who were ready to understand and follow it. At the age of 80, the
Buddha passed away at Kusinara (in modern Uttar Pradesh in India).
Today Buddhism is found in Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos,
Vietnam, Tibet, China, Japan, Mongolia, Korea, Laos, Formosa, in some parts of India,
Pakistan and Nepal, and also in Soviet Union. The Buddhist population of the world
is over 500 million.


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